If you're looking
for fonts which imitate the writing systems used in old Greek
manuscripts, you have come to the right place. ANGULAR UNCIAL, BIBLICAL UNCIAL, COPTIC UNCIAL,
PAPYRUS UNCIAL, ROUND UNCIAL, SLAVONIC UNCIAL, SLOPING UNCIAL,
MINUSCULE IX, MINUSCULE XI and
the individual names of a set of ten fonts which I have recently
designed. As their names denote, these fonts are representative of the
main styles of Greek handwritings used during the Classical World and
Middle Ages in papyrus and parchments.
These fonts belong to the category known as facsimile
level and they are intended to resemble the handwriting style of
different Greek scripts as appear in manuscripts.
The paleographic font package is a collection of fonts
based on ancient and medieval calligraphy which include specialty
characters, abbreviations, ligatures and alternate forms for some
letters. These paleographic fonts can be used to represent ancient and
medieval manuscripts in a "semi-diplomatic" fashion. That is, an edited
version of the manuscript that preserves more features of the original
document than is common in standard, normalized, modern editions. They
allow the preservation of many original features, and can be used to
help students become more familiar with ancient and medieval writing
and languages without the expense of purchasing semi-diplomatic
editions or facsimiles of manuscripts.
This collection of fonts is suitable for students and
scholars of historical sciences as well as desktop paleographical
publishing. It may be of interest to students and
professionals dealing with paleography, linguistics and ancient Greek.
Doubtless this is the most authentic and useful of font
packages currently available to medievalists.
The paleographic Greek fonts collection consists of 10
typefaces (Angular Uncial, Biblical Uncial, Coptic Uncial,
Papyrus Uncial, Round Uncial, Slavonic Uncial, Sloping Uncial,
Minuscule IX, Minuscule XI and
closely based on historical models with the right virtues of the
original being kept in focus, all with a solid grounding in type
scholarship behind the effort, too.
included in the Uncial class use as a
source of their design the different Greek handwriting hands used from
around the first century B.C. till the tenth century A.D. approximately.
Here is a brief description of the different typefaces:
1.- Handwriting on papyrus.
ANGULAR UNCIAL is a digital replica of the handwriting employed in
the Bacchylides papyrus, now preserved in the British Museum.
The only evidence as to the age of the manuscript is that afforded by
the handwriting. Guided by this Dr Kenyon assigns the Bacchylides
papyrus to the first century B.C.
UNCIAL is a close resemblance to the hand used in the so-named Hawara
, a papyrus (now in the Bodleian Library in Oxford) from the
second century A.D containing portions of the second book of the
PAPYRUS UNCIAL closely follows the so-called P66, which is
a near complete codex of the Gospel of John and
part of the collection known as the "Bodmer Papyri".
is one of the oldest New Testament manuscripts known to exist, with its
writing dated to around 200 A.D.
2.- Handwriting on parchment or vellum.
UNCIAL mimics the hand of the Codex Bezae Cantabrigiensis,
a Greek and Latin diglot
which contains the four gospels and the Acts of the Apostles. Following
Scrivener, scholars universally dated it from the beginning of the
sixth century A.D., but there is a tendency now to place it a hundred
years earlier. The Cambridge University Library holds the manuscript.
SLOPING UNCIAL is based on the lettering showed in the Codex
also called The Freer Gospel
, which contains the four biblical
gospels and was written on vellum in the 4th or 5th century A.D.
COPTIC UNCIAL reproduces the style of handwriting known as
"Coptic", which was used for Greek in some manuscripts such as the Codex
Marchalianus (written in Egypt in the sixth century A.D.) or the Codex Vaticanus
(sixth century A.D.), for example.
SLAVONIC UNCIAL, as its name denotes, imitates the style of
handwriting known as "Slavonic", (since the Slavs took most of their
alphabet from it). This style represents the late and final development
of the Uncial handwriting and was employed in manuscripts like the Codex
Boreelianus (ninth century A.D.).
which fall within the Minuscule class (MINUSCULE IX, MINUSCULE XI and
MINUSCULE XV) imitate the ordinary style of the Byzantine
manuscripts, being closer imitations of the different Greek minuscule
handwritings used from the ninth to the fifteenth century A.D.
IMPORTANT THINGS TO NOTE:
All the fonts are accompanied by their Roman counterpart matching the
Greek face as best as possible. See images below.
fonts are edit-embeddable to permit the creation of Adobe Acrobat
and web pages with embedded fonts (the so-called "web-fonts": EOT, WOFF
and SVG formats).
The digital typefaces may be purchased individually or all
together. Please read information below.
The paleographic fonts
collection for Greek is a series of fonts covering a number of codices
and papyri from different ages.
The fonts are provided in Unicode-encoded TryType or
OpenType format. The Windows and Mac versions of the fonts are
cross-platform compatible. Therefore they permit direct exchange of all
their standard Unicode-encoded characters with any other Unicode font
containing those characters on either platform.
The paleographic font package contains the letters,
breathing marks, accents and other special characters necessary to
reproduce the standard character form text of codices and papyri.
Please note that most of the ancient codices or papyri do
not show (display) diacritics at all or seldom rarely, however, because
many users may want to type the original hand, but also display the
breathing marks and accents, the fonts include these diacritical marks.
Another useful feature is the inclusion of nomina sacra,
since the fonts contain extendible overstriking bars for creating
titles and abbreviations occurring in most manuscripts.
Hence with these fonts you can type faithful
representations of the original hand of important early codices or
papyri with Unicode-encoded Greek fonts.
By using these fonts you can type text just as it was
originally copied by its scribe.
These are standard Unicode fonts
(TTF/OTF format), so they can be used running any Windows version and
any word processor.
also use them running Linux. I have successfully tried them under
Debian with OpenOffice.
should be usable on Macintosh running OSX 10 or above. This is not a
problem, since Mac recognizes PC TrueType/OpenType fonts without
Some of the fonts contain OpenType features (discretianory
ligatures, alternate glyphs, historical forms, stylistic
alternates etc.), therefore you will need an application (Word
2010, 2013 or 2016, InDesign, QuarkXpress, Mellel, Illustrator,
TextEdit, Nisus Writer etc.) which supports and handles the OpenType
technology to take advantage of such feautres. See the User's Manual
linked below for more details.
TEXTS WRITTEN WITH THE PALEOGRAPHIC GREEK FONTS:
fonts are based on medieval and ancient Greek lettering styles. For
this reason they may not include all the characters you may expect and,
in contrast, may include specialty characters (nomina sacra,
ligatures etc) or strange alternate forms for some letters. You can
access those special characters present in the fonts through programs
which support OpenType features (Word 2010, 2013 or 2016,
InDesign, QuarkXpress, Mellel, Illustrator, TextEdit, Nisus Writer
etc.) or by using a character map (or even with the clumsy
method of Insert/Symbol command) since they have been assigned
codepoints in the so-called Private Use Area of Unicode. Please read
the following document for further details about signs present in the
fonts and OpenType issues.
For more details on handwriting Greek systems and further
information about these fonts including more visual examples, please
read the User's Manual (PDF format, 71 pages) you can download
Click on the
link below to view the manual online or right-click and choose Save
target as to download it.
OF GREEK PALEOGRAPHY AND SAMPLE TEXTS
You can see visual samples of these fonts if you read the short manual of
Greek Paleography I have written (PDF file with 71 pages profusely
illustrated) which is available from this site.
It contains a
lot of images of manuscripts and shows the close imitation of their
different handwritings I have made with the paleographic set of fonts. The manual also contains
detailed explanations about the history of the different handwriting
styles used in Greek manuscripts from the 4th century A.D. to the
invention of printing with movable type in the middle of the 15th
Information about how to manage the OpenType features
present in the digital typefaces
is also provided.
This is a large file; therefore, please be
THE FONT PACKAGE
The font package termed "Fonts for Greek
Paleography" is a set of fonts which contains a total of 10 typefaces: Angular Uncial, Biblical Uncial, Coptic Uncial,
Papyrus Uncial, Round Uncial, Slavonic Uncial, Sloping Uncial,
Minuscule IX, Minuscule XI and Minuscule XV) respectively.
These fonts based on historical
prototypes are the result of long hours of investigation and hard
Font development is a
painstaking, time-consuming task and this is a single person's work not
sponsored by any institution.
Hence these fonts are
not free. Nevertheless, the font package has a reasonable price.
Registration costs €100 (approximately US $115 or £85)* (see advise below).
If you wish, you can
purchase only one individual font as well. Each single font costs €20 (approximately US $23 or £17).
SPECIAL PRICING: Pay two
fonts and get three. Purchase three fonts for €40 (approximately US $46). If you acquire two fonts, the third is
for free. A 33% discount!
It is also available a font package of five fonts for €60 (approximately US $69). A 50%
After making the
payment you will receive the fonts as attachment to an email message
sent to your email account.
If you wish to
receive the fonts in a CDRom sent by post to your address, the extra
cost is €15 (approximately $18 or £12).
The CDRom contains
the set of paleographic fonts plus other additional free programs (an
excellent free wordprocessor for Windows, font utilities, character
maps, a generator of PDF files which runs under Word for Windows etc)
which will allow you to manage properly these fonts.
*ADVISE: Due to the current fluctuation in the
exchange rate among different currencies, only prices in Euro can
be guaranteed. The prices in
US$ or in other currencies depend on the actual exchange rate (for
example at the date of this writing, January 2019, 1 euro is equivalent
to 1,15 US dollars approximately).
If you own a
credit or debit card (Visa®, MasterCard®, Discover®, Maestro® and American Express®),
you can pay online, which means credit card processing can be made in a
matter of clicks.
This payment is being backed by PayPal®,
a global leader in online payment solutions. To make payments with
PapyPal is easy, fast, free and secure for buyers. Naturally, your
transaction will be confidential and the information you give will not
be used for any reason other than the use intended. PayPal protects
You are not required to have a Paypal account. By following the
instructions on the Paypal page, you may make your payment by credit
card or bank transfer.)
Do not worry about converting the Euro
price into your currency, PayPal will do this when you make your
Depending on your choice, click on the
corresponding button below to purchase the paleographic fonts online.
In order to avoid errors, please read carefully the information given
below before clicking on the PayPal button to order. Please be careful
with your choosing since depending on it you will get one item or other.
1) – One
single font. Delivery:
Electronic only. Each individual
font costs €20
US $24 or £17).
The font will be sent as attachment to your email account. If you
choose this option, please email me telling the name of the font you
wish to receive.
advantage of our special pricing options:
2a) – Three
Electronic only. SPECIAL PRICE: Pay two fonts and
get three. Purchase three fonts for €40
(approximately US $46). If you acquire two
fonts, the third is for free. A 33% discount! Evidently if you choose this
option, you must email me telling the name of the fonts you wish to
2b) – Five
Delivery: Electronic only
. SPECIAL OFFER: Purchase five
fonts for €60 (approximately $72 or £51). Only €12 (approximately US $14) for each font. You save 45%. A real bargain!
Evidently if you choose this
option, you must email me indicating the name of the fonts you wish to
3) – Complete font package of
10 fonts. Delivery: Electronic. The full package
of 10 fonts costs €100 (approximately US $115 or £85). The package which contains the
ten paleographic fonts will be sent as attachment to your email account
in a ZIP file. The fonts have not restrictions at all. All features are
enabled. Even embedding is allowed: this means that the font may be
embedded in documents to produce PDF documents running Adobe Acrobat.
You also are entitled to use the font in a printed book or to produce
electronic documents which can be uploaded into your web page.
IMPORTANT THINGS TO NOTE :
1.- Whatever option you choose, please send me a message after making
the payment through PayPal in order to confirm that you are really who
ordered the font.
2.- In most cases I will reply to your message in due time (normally
within a day or so), unless I was on holydays, then it will take a
little more time, since I only will able to check my emails from time
to time, (usually every five days, more or less or even a little more
during the summer) so be patient, however, be sure that you will
receive my response. Sorry for this inconvenience.
3.- Evidently, any modification or public distribution of these fonts
is not permited under any circumstance.
4.- For other alternative methods of payment (bank transfer, postal
order etc), please email me for further details.
I have taken care
to see that these fonts work as well as possible, nevertheless, if you
find any fault, feel free to email me.
in case you are wondering who is Juan-José Marcos, click here and you will find some
information about the author of these fonts and this website.
SUGGESTIONS AND QUERIES
Although you do not purchase the fonts, please, send me
comments, suggestions for improvements or anything else regarding my
paleographical fonts. I would like to know your opinion about my work.
I really would appreciate having users' feedback.
Such reaction from users will be the deciding factor in my
decision of carrying on with the development of more paleographic
fonts. Any errors in the manual? Please do not hesitate to contact me.
Your comments will be welcome. Thanks in advance.
If this set of fonts is well received, it will be expanded
in the near future.
MANUAL OF GREEK PALEOGRAPHY
Those readers interested
in reading a true
on Greek Paleography can find useful my book entitled "PALEOGRAFÍA
GRIEGA: Manual ilustrado" (in Spanish), 550 pages containing more than
100 images, published
by KDP AMAZON, December 2018. More information about this book here where you can download a wide excerpt
Information in the AMAZON site: https://www.amazon.es/dp/1790291771
You can have a
look inside this book (PDF hosted on Academia.edu server) by clicking
on the following link or on the image below:
OF GREEK TYPOGRAPHY
Those readers interested
in knowing about the origin and development of Greek typefaces will
find useful to read my e-book entitled “History of Greek Typography:
from the invention of printing to the Digital Age” (440 pages
profusely illustrated with lots of images of Greek books printed by
Demetrius Damilas, Bonus Acursius, Aldus Manutius, Zacharias
Callierges, Janus Lascaris, Froben, Guilles de Gourmont, Simon de
Colines, Plantin, Robert Estienne, the Elzevirs, the Foulis brothers,
Savile, Caslon, Baskerville, Didot, Bodoni, Goeschen, Richard Porson,
Watts, Hibbert, Selwyn Image, etc.).
“History of Greek Typography: from
the invention of printing to the Digital Age” follows the history
and development of Greek printing types and their role in the history of the printed word
The book explores every major development in the design of
Greek type and includes some lesser-known designers whose type designs
made significant contributions to the craft. The material is divided
into sections by historical period for easy reference.
The text of the book provides an excellent historical
background to the study of Greek printing types.
“History of Greek
Typography" stands a step above other books on the history of Greek
printing types because of the number of its reproductions -some of them
extremely rare- and its straightforward and clear exposition.
This work, profusely illustrated, not only addresses the
Hellenic scholar, but also the modern writer, typographer, historian,
graphic designer, printer, publisher and font developer. For more
detailed information click here or
the image below.
FONTS FOR LATIN
A similar font collection for Latin
elegans, capitalis rustica, uncialis, semiuncialis, cursiva romana
antiqua, merovingia, insularis majuscula, insularis minuscula,
visigothica, beneventana, carolina minuscula, gothica textura
prescissa, gothica textura quadrata, gothica rotunda, gothica bastarda,
gothica notularis and
humanistica antiqua) is also available. For more
detailed information press here or click
on the image below.
If you wish to use a specialized multilingual
Unicode font specifically designed for classical languages (classical
& medieval Latin, ancient
Greek, Coptic, Linear B, Etruscan, Oscan, Umbrian, Faliscan, Messapic, Picene, Iberian, Celtiberian, Gothic, Runic, Old & Middle English, Hebrew, Sanskrit, Ogham, Ugaritic, Old Persian, Phoenician, Karosthi, Old Nordic and Linguistics (I.P.A.), please visit the ALPHABETUM website , there
you will find further information about the Unicode system and the wide
coverage and capabilities of this large Unicode font.
Plasencia (Cáceres) Spain.
This page last updated on January 2019