looking for fonts which imitate the writing systems used in
old Greek manuscripts, you have come to the right place.
ANGULAR UNCIAL, BIBLICAL
UNCIAL, COPTIC UNCIAL, PAPYRUS UNCIAL, ROUND UNCIAL,
SLAVONIC UNCIAL, SLOPING UNCIAL, MINUSCULE IX, MINUSCULE XI
and MINUSCULE XV
individual names of a set of ten fonts which I have
recently designed. As their names denote, these
fonts are representative of the main styles of Greek
handwritings used during the Classical World and
Middle Ages in papyrus and parchments.
These fonts belong to the category
known as facsimile level and they are intended to
resemble the handwriting style of different Greek
scripts as appear in manuscripts.
The paleographic font package is a
collection of fonts based on ancient and medieval
calligraphy which include specialty characters,
abbreviations, ligatures and alternate forms for
some letters. These paleographic fonts can be used
to represent ancient and medieval manuscripts in a
"semi-diplomatic" fashion. That is, an edited
version of the manuscript that preserves more
features of the original document than is common in
standard, normalized, modern editions. They allow
the preservation of many original features, and can
be used to help students become more familiar with
ancient and medieval writing and languages without
the expense of purchasing semi-diplomatic editions
or facsimiles of manuscripts.
This collection of fonts is suitable
for students and scholars of historical sciences as
well as desktop paleographical publishing. It may be
of interest to students and
dealing with paleography, linguistics and ancient
Doubtless this is the most authentic
and useful of font packages currently available to
The paleographic Greek fonts collection
consists of 10 typefaces (Angular Uncial, Biblical Uncial,
Coptic Uncial, Papyrus Uncial, Round Uncial, Slavonic
Uncial, Sloping Uncial, Minuscule IX, Minuscule XI and Minuscule XV)
closely based on historical models with the
right virtues of the original being kept in
focus, all with a solid grounding in type
scholarship behind the effort, too.
included in the Uncial class use
as a source of their design the different Greek
handwriting hands used from around the first
century B.C. till the tenth century A.D.
Here is a brief description of the
ANGULAR UNCIAL is a digital replica of the
handwriting employed in the Bacchylides
papyrus, now preserved in the British
Museum. The only evidence as to the age of the
manuscript is that afforded by the handwriting.
Guided by this Dr Kenyon assigns the Bacchylides
papyrus to the first century B.C.
UNCIAL is a close resemblance to the hand
used in the so-named Hawara
, a papyrus (now in the Bodleian Library in Oxford)
from the second century A.D containing portions of the second
book of the Homer's Iliad.
PAPYRUS UNCIAL closely follows the
so-called P66, which is a near complete
codex of the Gospel of John and
part of the collection known as the "Bodmer
is one of the oldest New Testament manuscripts known to exist,
with its writing dated to around 200 A.D.
2.- Handwriting on parchment or vellum.
UNCIAL mimics the hand of the Codex
Bezae Cantabrigiensis, a Greek and
which contains the four gospels and the Acts of the Apostles.
Following Scrivener, scholars universally dated it from the
beginning of the sixth century A.D., but there is a tendency now
to place it a hundred years earlier. The Cambridge University
Library holds the manuscript.
SLOPING UNCIAL is based on the lettering
showed in the Codex Washingtonianus
also called The Freer Gospel
, which contains the four
biblical gospels and was written on vellum in the 4th or 5th
COPTIC UNCIAL reproduces the style of
handwriting known as "Coptic", which was used
for Greek in some manuscripts such as the Codex
Marchalianus (written in Egypt in the
sixth century A.D.) or the Codex
(sixth century A.D.), for example.
SLAVONIC UNCIAL, as its
name denotes, imitates the style
of handwriting known as
"Slavonic", (since the Slavs
took most of their alphabet from
it). This style represents the
late and final development of
the Uncial handwriting and was
employed in manuscripts like the
Codex Boreelianus (ninth
XI and MINUSCULE
of the Byzantine
used from the
ninth to the
IMPORTANT THINGS TO NOTE: All the fonts are
Greek face as
The fonts are edit-embeddable to
permit the creation of Adobe Acrobat documents (PDF)
web pages with embedded fonts (the so-called
"web-fonts": EOT, WOFF and SVG formats).
The digital typefaces may be purchased individually
or all together. Please read information below.
The paleographic fonts
collection for Greek is a series of fonts covering a number of
codices and papyri from different ages.
The fonts are provided in Unicode-encoded TryType
or OpenType format. The Windows and Mac versions of the fonts
are cross-platform compatible. Therefore they permit direct
exchange of all their standard Unicode-encoded characters with
any other Unicode font containing those characters on either
The paleographic font package contains the
letters, breathing marks, accents and other special characters
necessary to reproduce the standard character form text of
codices and papyri.
Please note that most of the ancient codices or
papyri do not show (display) diacritics at all or seldom
rarely, however, because many users may want to type the
original hand, but also display the breathing marks and
accents, the fonts include these diacritical marks.
Another useful feature is the inclusion of nomina
sacra, since the fonts contain extendible overstriking
bars for creating titles and abbreviations occurring in most
Hence with these fonts you can type faithful
representations of the original hand of important early
codices or papyri with Unicode-encoded Greek fonts.
By using these fonts you can type text just as it
was originally copied by its scribe.
These are standard
Unicode fonts (TTF/OTF format), so they can be used running
any Windows version and any word processor.
You can also use them running Linux. I have successfully tried
them under Debian with OpenOffice.
fonts should be usable on Macintosh running OSX 10 or above.
This is not a problem, since Mac recognizes PC
TrueType/OpenType fonts without complaint.
Some of the fonts contain OpenType features (discretianory
ligatures, alternate glyphs, historical
forms, stylistic alternates etc.), therefore you
will need an application (Word 2010, 2013 or 2016, InDesign,
QuarkXpress, Mellel, Illustrator, TextEdit, Nisus Writer etc.)
which supports and handles the OpenType technology to take
advantage of such feautres. See the User's Manual linked below for more
WRITTEN WITH THE PALEOGRAPHIC GREEK FONTS:
These fonts are based on
medieval and ancient Greek lettering styles. For this reason
they may not include all the characters you may expect and,
in contrast, may include specialty characters (nomina
sacra, ligatures etc) or strange alternate forms for
some letters. You can access those special characters
present in the fonts through programs which support OpenType
features (Word 2010, 2013 or
2016, InDesign, QuarkXpress, Mellel, Illustrator,
TextEdit, Nisus Writer etc.) or by using a
character map (or even with the clumsy method of
Insert/Symbol command) since they have been assigned
codepoints in the so-called Private Use Area of Unicode.
Please read the following document for further details about
signs present in the fonts and OpenType issues.
For more details on handwriting Greek systems and
further information about these fonts including more visual
examples, please read the User's Manual (PDF format,
71 pages) you can download below.
on the link below to view the manual online or right-click
and choose Save target as to download it.
MANUAL OF GREEK PALEOGRAPHY AND
can see visual samples of these fonts if you read the
short manual of Greek Paleography I have written (PDF file
with 71 pages profusely illustrated) which is available
from this site.
contains a lot of images of manuscripts and shows the
close imitation of their different handwritings I have
made with the paleographic set of fonts. The manual also
contains detailed explanations about the history of the
different handwriting styles used in Greek manuscripts
from the 4th century A.D. to the invention of printing
with movable type in the middle of the 15th century.
how to manage the OpenType features present
in the digital typefaces
is also provided.
This is a large file; therefore,
please be patient!
PRICE OF THE FONT PACKAGE
package termed "Fonts for Greek Paleography" is a set of
fonts which contains a total of 10 typefaces: Angular Uncial, Biblical Uncial,
Coptic Uncial, Papyrus Uncial, Round Uncial, Slavonic
Uncial, Sloping Uncial, Minuscule IX, Minuscule XI and Minuscule XV)
fonts based on historical prototypes are the result of long
hours of investigation and hard work.
Font development is a painstaking, time-consuming
task and this is a single person's work not sponsored by
Hence these fonts are not free. Nevertheless, the
font package has a reasonable price.
US $120 or £85)* (see advise below).
If you wish, you can purchase only one individual
font as well. Each single font costs €20 (approximately US $24 or £17).
Pay two fonts and get three.
Purchase three fonts for €40 (approximately US $48). If you acquire two fonts,
the third is for free. A 33% discount!
It is also available a font package of five
fonts for €60 (approximately US $72).
A 50% discount!
After making the payment you will receive the fonts
as attachment to an email message sent to your email
If you wish to receive the fonts in a CDRom sent by
post to your address, the extra cost is €15 (approximately $18 or £12).
The CDRom contains the set of paleographic fonts
plus other additional free programs (an excellent free
wordprocessor for Windows, font utilities, character maps,
a generator of PDF files which runs under Word for Windows
etc) which will allow you to manage properly these fonts.
Due to the current
fluctuation in the exchange rate among different
currencies, only prices in Euro can be
prices in US$ or in other currencies depend on the
actual exchange rate (for example at the date of this
writing, January 2018, 1 euro is equivalent to 1,20 US
you own a credit or debit card (Visa®, MasterCard®,
and American Express®), you can pay online, which means
credit card processing can be made in a matter of clicks.
This payment is being backed by PayPal®,
global leader in online payment solutions. To make
payments with PapyPal is easy, fast, free and secure for
buyers. Naturally, your transaction will be confidential
and the information you give will not be used for any
reason other than the use intended. PayPal protects your
are not required to have a Paypal account. By following
the instructions on the Paypal page, you may make your
payment by credit card or bank transfer.)
not worry about converting the Euro price into your
currency, PayPal will do this when you make your
Depending on your choice, click on
the corresponding button below to purchase the
paleographic fonts online. In order to avoid errors,
please read carefully the information given below before
clicking on the PayPal button to order. Please be careful
with your choosing since depending on it you will get one
item or other.
1) – One single font.
only. Each individual font costs €20 (approximately US $24 or £17). The font will be
sent as attachment to your email account. If you choose
this option, please email me telling the name of the font
you wish to receive.
of our special pricing options:
2a) – Three fonts.
Electronic only. SPECIAL
PRICE: Pay two fonts and get three. Purchase three
fonts for €40 (approximately US $48). If you
acquire two fonts, the third is for free. A 33% discount!
Evidently if you choose this option, you must email me
telling the name of the fonts you wish to receive.
Delivery: Electronic only
OFFER: Purchase five fonts for €60 (approximately $72 or £51). Only €12 (approximately US $13) for each
save 45%. A real bargain! Evidently if you choose this option, you
must email me indicating the name of the fonts you wish to
3) – Complete
font package of 10 fonts.
Delivery: Electronic. The full package of 10 fonts costs €100 (approximately US $120 or £85). The package which
contains the ten paleographic fonts will be sent as
attachment to your email account in a ZIP file. The fonts
have not restrictions at all. All features are enabled.
Even embedding is allowed: this means that the font may be
embedded in documents to produce PDF documents running
Adobe Acrobat. You also are entitled to use the font in a
printed book or to produce electronic documents which can
be uploaded into your web page.
IMPORTANT THINGS TO NOTE :
1.- Whatever option you choose, please send me a message
after making the payment through PayPal in order to
confirm that you are really who ordered the font.
2.- In most cases I will reply to your message in due time
(normally within a day or so), unless I was on holydays,
then it will take a little more time, since I only will
able to check my emails from time to time, (usually every
five days, more or less or even a little more during the
summer) so be patient, however, be sure that you will
receive my response. Sorry for this inconvenience.
3.- Evidently, any modification or public distribution of
these fonts is not permited under any circumstance.
4.- For other alternative methods of payment (bank
transfer, postal order etc), please email me for further
have taken care to see that these fonts work as well as
possible, nevertheless, if you find any fault, feel free
to email me.
Just in case you are wondering who is
Juan-José Marcos, click here and you will find some
information about the author of these fonts
and this website.
SUGGESTIONS AND QUERIES
Although you do not purchase the fonts,
please, send me comments, suggestions for improvements
or anything else regarding my paleographical fonts. I
would like to know your opinion about my work.
I really would appreciate having
Such reaction from users will be the
deciding factor in my decision of carrying on with the
development of more paleographic fonts. Any errors in
the manual? Please do not hesitate to contact me. Your
comments will be welcome. Thanks in advance.
If this set of fonts is well received, it
will be expanded in the near future.
ILUSTRATED MANUAL OF
Those readers interested in
reading a true treatise on Greek Paleography can
find useful my book entitled "Manual ilustrado
de PALEOGRAFÍA GRIEGA" (in Spanish), 558 pages
containing more than 100 images, some of them
in colour, published by DYKINSON, Madrid
2017. Information here https://www.dykinson.com/libros/manual-ilustrado-de-paleografia-griega/9788491480075/
You can have a look inside this book (PDF
hosted on Academia.edu server) by clicking
on the following link or on the image
HISTORY OF GREEK TYPOGRAPHY
Those readers interested in
knowing about the origin and development of Greek
typefaces will find useful to read my e-book
entitled “History of Greek Typography: from the
invention of printing to the Digital Age” (440
pages profusely illustrated with lots of images of
Greek books printed by Demetrius Damilas, Bonus
Acursius, Aldus Manutius, Zacharias Callierges,
Janus Lascaris, Froben, Guilles de Gourmont, Simon
de Colines, Plantin, Robert Estienne, the Elzevirs,
the Foulis brothers, Savile, Caslon, Baskerville,
Didot, Bodoni, Goeschen, Richard Porson, Watts,
Hibbert, Selwyn Image, etc.).
Greek Typography: from the invention of
printing to the Digital Age” follows the
history and development of Greek printing
types and their role in the history
of the printed word and civilization.
The book explores every major
development in the design of Greek type and
includes some lesser-known designers whose type
designs made significant contributions to the
craft. The material is divided into sections by
historical period for easy reference.
The text of the book provides an
excellent historical background to the study of
Greek printing types.
“History of Greek
Typography" stands a step above other
books on the history of Greek printing types
because of the number of its reproductions -some
of them extremely rare- and its straightforward
and clear exposition.
This work, profusely illustrated,
not only addresses the Hellenic scholar, but
also the modern writer, typographer, historian,
graphic designer, printer, publisher and font
developer. For more detailed information click here or
the image below.
PALEOGRAPHIC FONTS FOR
A similar font collection for Latin
Paleography (Capitalis elegans, capitalis
rustica, uncialis, semiuncialis, cursiva romana
antiqua, merovingia, insularis majuscula,
insularis minuscula, visigothica, beneventana,
carolina minuscula, gothica textura prescissa,
gothica textura quadrata, gothica rotunda, gothica
bastarda, gothica notularis and
humanistica antiqua) is also
available. For more detailed information press here or click on the image
If you wish to use a
specialized multilingual Unicode font specifically
designed for classical languages (classical &
ancient Greek, Coptic, Linear B,
& Middle English, Hebrew, Sanskrit, Ogham, Ugaritic, Old
Persian, Phoenician, Karosthi,
Old Nordic and Linguistics (I.P.A.), please
ALPHABETUM website , there you will find further
information about the Unicode system and the wide
coverage and capabilities of this large Unicode font.
Plasencia (Cáceres) Spain.
This page last updated on January 2018